Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is the basic factor in the success of treatment
Prostate cancer is an oncological disease No.1 in the world
Prostate cancer is an oncological disease No.1 in the world among men over 45
Cancer of prostate (also called the prostate) is a cancerous condition most frequently diagnosed in men over 50. The complexity of treatment of prostate cancer is caused by the fact that due to lack of early symptoms the presence of malignancy is often diagnosed at later stages. The patient does not notice the change, he does not feel symptoms. According to statistics, cancer cells in prostate are detected in 30% of men aged 60 during examination, and in patients over 80 this figure exceeds 60%. However, with the right approach, prostate cancer is curable.
Who is most at risk
Science still has no answer, what is the cause of tumor development.
- A segment which suppresses the development of prostate cancer has been discovered in human genome
- Changes in its activity lead to the development of the disease.
- Heredity plays a sufficient role.
- Tumor development is contributed by frequent inflammatory processes in this area.
- Among major risk factors of prostate cancer scientists call age.
- Risk of disease developing is proportional to the age of men.
- Men, who eat a lot of fatty foods and work in hazardous industries, are also at increased risk.
- Smokers are also at risk, as cadmium contained in cigarette smoke has a stimulating effect on the development of tumors
Early diagnosis of prostate cancer
The basic factor in the success of prostate cancer treatment is the diagnosis in the early stages of tumor development. Therefore, experts recommend that men after 50 take the analysis, enabling to determine the content of PSA (prostate specific antigen) in blood, once every six months.
Biopsy is carried out for diagnosis - first puncture of prostate under ultrasound guidance is made, and then the tissues undergo histological examination.
Today medical science has methods to treat localized prostate cancer:
- dynamic monitoring;
- prostatectomy (surgical removal of prostate);
- Hormonal and Chemotherapy;
- external beam radiotherapy (ray treatment);
- experimental methods: cryotherapy, focused ultrasound and other).
Each of these methods can be used in conjunction with others or independently.